Hill and Houses, Cape Elizabeth, Maine was painted in 1927. The painting shows two houses, both situated on a hill. The house in relief is below the other, which is higher up the hill.
There is also a lighthouse. This painting is one of Edward Hopper's watercolours, which he worked with a lot. The inspiration for this painting came from the time when Hopper and his wife started spending their summers in Cape Elizabeth after buying a car. See more
During this time, Hopper painted many scenes.
The two houses in Hill and Houses, Cape Elizabeth, Maine, were owned by the Coast Guard, and Hopper was intrigued by the isolation of their lives. The upper house is where Captain Upton lived, while the lower house belonged to Captain Berry.
Edward Hopper is one of the major figures of the American realist movement, with paintings such as House by the Railroad (1925) and Nighthawks (1942).
Born in 1882 in New York State, Edward Hopper entered the prestigious New York School of Art after his secondary education. He moved to New York in 1908 where he was hired as an illustrator for advertising campaigns. He soon tired of the job and exhibited paintings in his spare time. See more
Around 1915, he painted scenes of American life and in 1920, he presented his first exhibition at the Whitney Studio Club, which was a great success. In 1924 he married Josephine Verstille Nivison.
His particular style, made of simple forms and rather dark colours, plays on the contrasts between light and shadow. Hopper managed to diversify his realistic approach, with staged landscapes, sometimes urban and sometimes rural. The characters he paints often inspire an impression of solitude and exclusion. Most of his oil paintings reflect a country in the throes of economic and social change. In 1945, Edward Hopper was admitted to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He received numerous awards and honours, including the title of Doctor of Fine Arts from the Art Institute of Chicago in 1955.